Gynecomastia is a word used to describe the swelling of boys’ or men’ breast tissues. This condition is caused by hormonal imbalance of the hormones called estrogen and testosterone. Gynecomastia can either affect one breast or both of the breasts in some cases the breasts are affected unevenly. Gynecomastia may be caused by normal changes in levels of hormones although there are other reasons that may cause it too.
Gynecomastia is not that of a serious condition, but the big problem comes in when it comes to coping or handing it. Men and boys with gynecomastia may experience breasts pains and this may make them feel out of place or embarrassed. This condition in most cases goes away on its own, but if it persists one is put on medication or a surgery is performed.
Every human being have both male and female hormones. It is during puberty that this hormones level may fluctuate and increase at different rates and levels. This results in a special case where there is a temporal higher concentration of estrogen. Conducted studies are showing that there are varying results, with prevalence among adolescent boys, ranges between 4-69%. This large differences is perceived to be normal and is associated with the different ages of the boys used in the study.
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A number of medical related conditions may cause gynecomastia in boys. Malnutrition and the phase of recovering from malnutrition, are two conditions that are known to cause gynecomastia. They create a hormonal environment that may cause the development of gynecomastia. Also liver cirrhosis causes a hormonal imbalance and alter the normal hormone metabolism which may cause gynecomastia.
Those men or boys that have dysfunctional male parts (testes) may result in the decrease of male hormones and there good be a higher production of estrogen levels. This may lead to gynecomastia. This male part disorders may be caused by genetics or may be acquired from maybe a trauma or infections. Some kinds of cancer may produce hormones that cause gynecomastia.
There are other conditions too that are associated with altered hormonal environment that may cause gynecomastia are hyperthyroidism and chronic renal failure. It is only testicular tumor cancer that may cause a hormonal imbalance that may cause gynecomastia. Gynecomastia may also be caused by side effects that are caused by the use of some drugs e.g. spironolactone and methyldopa.
The main symptom and sign for gynecomastia, is the usual enlargement of the male breasts. Gynecomastia caused the enlargement of glandular tissues and not the fatty tissues. This firm swelling may be visible on both sides but also gynecomastia can be visible only on one side. It may be also uneven, larger on one side that the other. Some other symptoms that have been reported are sensitivity but there is no serious pain.
Gynecomastia is a problem that can be handled well if the patient is given the required moral support. The risk factors are we known. They include adolescence, older age, there is also the risk factor of using steroids. It is our responsibility to try and protect ourselves from this condition. If the gynecomastia symptoms persist, medical attention should be seeked.